The upcoming 2022 national population census, whose preliminary results will be released within three months, will, for the first time, capture data on the population’s living conditions, and access to basic needs such as water and electricity, President Emmerson Mnangagwa said on Wednesday.
The census will be held between April 21 and 30.
Launching the 50 day countdown to the 2022 census, President Mnangagwa said the exercise would also canvass other crucial statistics such as emigration, level of education, and literacy.
“I am pleased to announce that for the first time in the history of censuses in Zimbabwe, the 2022 census will emphasise housing characteristics and living conditions. Focus will be on aspects such as access to electricity, types of dwelling units and sources of drinking water among others,” he said.
“It is now widely accepted that migration impacts economic development. Accordingly the2022 population and housing census has a module on emigration and seeks to provide demographic information and estimate of our Zimbabwean diaspora population. Data from this emigration module will assist government to determine the level of skills loss or brain drain that has occurred.”
President Mnangagwa said in line with the Second Republic’s mantra of not leaving anyone or any demography behind, the upcoming census would also collate data on people with functional difficulties such as seeing, walking, remembering or concentrating, self-care, communication and hearing.
This information, he said, will enable government to craft intervention policies and programmes that reduce inequalities among disadvantaged population groups.
Censuses, President Mnangagwa said also aid the crafting of plans for social service delivery.
“The coming of independence saw government embarking on family planning measures with a view to having sustainable family sizes. In this respect I am glad to advise that total fertility rates went down from 5.9 children per woman in 1982 to 3.7 children per woman in 2012.
“On the other hand, infant mortality rates declined from 64 deaths per 1000 live births in 2012 to 53 deaths per 1000 live births in 2019 according to the multiple indicator cluster survey. Maternal mortality ratio decreased from 525 deaths to 462 per 100 000 live births in 2012 and 2019 respectively.”